[For the Americans, the most important part of Mr. Modi’s visit was his announced intention to formally join the
climate change agreement by the end of this year. So far, countries representing about 50 percent of global emissions have announced that they will submit legal paperwork to the United Nations documenting their compliance with the deal.] Paris
By Gardiner Harris and Coral
President Obama met with Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India on Tuesday,
moving closer toward finalizing the Paris agreement to limit greenhouse gases.
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS on Publish Date June 7, 2016. Photo by
Zach Gibson/The New York Times. Watch in Times Video »
A defense deal, technology agreement and American investments in
are also expected to be announced on Tuesday.
Mr. Modi has made clear that he intends to set aside decades of standoffishness
— rooted in India ’s colonial experience — to cement closer
ties with India , in part because the next American leader
may not share President Obama’s enthusiasm for Washington . India
The news media in
has extensively chronicled comments by Mr. Trump
that critics have said were racist, his “America First” views and his
unorthodox campaign. While Mr. Trump, the presumptive Republican presidential
nominee, has said little about India , his vows to tighten immigration policies
worry Indian officials. India
“Modi wants to get as much as he can out of Obama’s last months in office,” said Ashley J. Tellis, a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
For the Americans, the most important part of Mr. Modi’s visit was his announced intention to formally join the
climate change agreement by the end of this
year. So far, countries representing about 50 percent of global emissions have
announced that they will submit legal paperwork to the United Nations
documenting their compliance with the deal. Paris
The pact will become binding when at least 55 countries representing 55 percent of global emissions formally join. The inclusion of
, the world’s third-largest emitter after India and the China , would guarantee that the deal will go into
effect before the next American president takes office. United States
Mr. Trump has vowed to “cancel” the
climate agreement if elected, something Mr. Obama
is eager to prevent. Once the accord enters into legal force, no nation can
legally withdraw for four years. Paris
agreement achieves ratification before
Inauguration Day, it would be impossible for the Trump administration to
renegotiate or even drop out during the first presidential term,” said Robert N.
Stavins, the director of the environmental economics program at Harvard. Paris
Mr. Obama and Mr. Modi also announced a separate agreement to cut the use of hydrofluorocarbons, potent planet-warming chemicals produced by coolants in refrigerators and air-conditioners. India and the United States have been at odds on the details of such a deal, but the agreement announced Tuesday means both governments now expect to sign on to an international accord to phase out the chemicals in October. Phasing out the chemicals could reduce the amount of planet warming expected to occur by the end of the century by 25 percent.
“This is the most significant step the international community could take” to reduce climate warming, Brian Deese, a senior adviser to President Obama, said in a press call.
The two sides also announced joint efforts for the
to invest in United States ’s renewable energy development, including
the creation of a $20 million finance initiative. India
Mr. Modi met with Mr. Obama at the White House in the morning, and the two then had a working lunch. The last time Mr. Modi visited, in September 2014, he was invited to dinner but announced that he was observing a religious fast. So Mr. Obama had the awkward task of eating before a guest who sipped only water. This time, Mr. Modi ate.
On Wednesday, Mr. Modi will address both houses of Congress, becoming the fifth Indian prime minister to do so.
The two countries are expected to announce a military logistics deal that would allow their forces to help each other with crucial supplies, and the
is expected to agree to allow United States to receive military technology usually
reserved only for its closest allies. India
and Washington have grown so close is the increasingly
testy relationship between the New Delhi and United States , Pakistan ’s longtime rival. Although India is formally an ally of the Pakistan , American officials have made clear that United States has displaced India in American interests and hearts. Pakistan
“We have much more to do with
today than has to do with India ,” Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter said in
April. “There is important business with respect to Pakistan , but we have much more, a whole global
agenda with Pakistan , agenda that covers all kinds of issues.” India
Economic cooperation was also on the list for Tuesday’s meeting, with Mr. Modi expected to meet with business leaders.
has the world’s fastest-growing large
economy, but it is not growing fast enough to provide jobs to even a
significant fraction of the one million people entering the work force there
every month. Mr. Modi has largely failed to deliver the kind of major economic
overhauls he was expected to carry out after his election two years ago. India