March 31, 2010


By: Riddhi Pradhan

Excavation at Tilaurakot:

Both excavation and conservation works are continueing at Tilaurakot and Lumbini respectively. The main objective of the excavation at Tilaurakot was to identify is as Kapilvastu, the capital city of the Shakya people on the basis of its finding, the account of Chinese travelers, Fahien and Huien Tsang. Buddhist literatures and previous works done for this site.

P. C. Mukerjee is the first person who identified Tilaurakot as Kapilvastu. It is he who had discovered the eastern gate, western stupa; defense wall existed in the site.

The excavation carried out on the site by the Department of Archaeology since 1966 brought to light the majestic western gateway complex, roads of different periods, moat, stone structures, twin stupas, and three phases of cultural sequences.

In relation with the preservation of the site, the site was fenced with barbed wire. The following exposed structures were conserved:

1.         Eastern gate
2.         Western Gate
3.         Defense Walls
4.         Exposed portions of some structures
5.         Twin stupa
6.         Some of civil houses found in the central area.(Read more)

[ This is a part of an article published in Ancient Nepal, a journal of Department of Archaeology, Kathmandnu, Nepal. ]